Montreal basic geography is a portrait of the organisational structure of an Island of Montreal divided into 16 cities, that is the City of Montreal and its 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities since 2006.
The elected municipal parties in Montreal presently are
A City Council composed of 65 seats occupied first by the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough. A Montreal City Council also composed of 18 borough mayors, 38 borough councillors and 8 (reconstituted) city councillors.
Every four years in November voters elect or re-elect a Mayor and a Montreal City Council as well as the other Mayors and City Councils of the Island of Montreal.
When we refer to the City of Montreal, we refer to a City located on the Island of Montreal and divided into 19 boroughs.
When we refer to the Montreal Boroughs, we refer to the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal and to each of their respective borough mayors and borough councillors.
Each of the 19 boroughs has its own borough council for a total of 38 borough councillors who sit on each of their respective borough council and who offer direct public services to their respective population.
Services such as...
Each borough offers direct services to their population, each borough is administered by a director who reports to his or her Borough Council and each borough receives an operating budget allocated by the Montreal City Council.
The City Council is responsible for indexing taxes for residential and non-residential properties and the Borough Councils are responsible for indexing taxes for the services they offer.
When we refer to the Island of Montreal, we refer to the 16 municipalities, the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted cities.
also refer to a range of services provided by the Urban Agglomeration
of Montreal, governed by the Agglomeration Council and headed by the
mayor of the City of Montreal.
When we refer to the Montreal Cities, we refer to 13 Cities, one Village and one small Island, for a total of 15 reconstituted Cities located on the Island of Montreal.
Fifteen reconstituted cities that chose not to remain incorporated in the City of Montreal, and a complex organisational structure called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal responsible for the political administration of the entire Island of Montreal.
A total of 31 elected officials.
The Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal has the power to adopt municipal by-laws, authorise expenses and impose taxes on the entire Island of Montreal.
The main responsibilities of the Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal are:
we refer to the Montreal
Metropolitan Community (MMC)
also called Greater Montreal, we
refer to the 82 municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de
Montréal (CMM) and to its strategic functions that include planning,
coordinating and financing the strategies related to the development
of our metropolitan community.
When we refer to the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), we refer to the City of Montreal and to the 91 adjacent municipalities of the Région Métropolitaine de Recensement de Montréal (RMR).
A census metropolitan area that, according to Statistics Canada "is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centered on a population center known as the core".
Unfortunately, Montreal's website is not at all constant with its terms and definitions and it is rather difficult to clearly understand the organisational structure of the City and of the Island of Montreal. The reason is most probably because the website of the City of Montreal is online since at least 2011 and since at least five elections and nominations.
Montreal URBAN Kit
Thank you for promoting Montreal Basic Geography
by Rachel Louise Barry