Montreal basic geography is a portrait of the organisational structure of an Island of Montreal divided into 16 cities, that is the City of Montreal and its 19 boroughs along with 15 other reconstituted cities since 2006.
Since November 2017, the elected municipal parties in Montreal are
A Montreal City Council composed of 65 seats occupied first by the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough. A City Council also composed of 18 borough mayors, 38 borough councillors and 8 city councillors.
Every four years in November voters elect or re-elect a Mayor and a Montreal City Council as well as Mayors and City Councils for each of the other 14 other Cities of the Island of Montreal instead of 15 because, in this case, the City of Dorval and the Island of Dorval both count for one city.
Map of the Boroughs of Montreal from Wikepedia
When we refer to the City of Montreal, we refer to a City located on the Island of Montreal and divided into 19 boroughs.
When we refer to the Montreal Boroughs, we refer to the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal and to each of their respective borough mayors and borough councillors.
Each of the 19 boroughs has its own borough council for a total of 38 borough councillors who sit on each of their respective borough council and who offer direct public services to their respective borough population.
Map of the City of Montreal from Google Map
Each borough is administered by a director who reports to his or her Borough Council and each borough receives an operating budget allocated by the Montreal City Council.
The City Council is responsible for indexing taxes for residential and non-residential properties and the Borough Councils are responsible for indexing taxes for the services offered in each of their respective borough.
When we refer to the Island of Montreal, we refer to its 16 municipalities, that is the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted cities.
Map of Montreal from Online Map Finder
also refer to a range of services provided by the Urban Agglomeration
of Montreal, governed by the Agglomeration Council and headed by the
mayor of the City of Montreal.
When we refer to the Montreal Cities, we refer to 13 Cities, 1 Village and 1 small Island, for a total of 15 reconstituted Cities all located on the Island of Montreal.
Map of the Cities of the Island of Montreal from Wikipedia
Fifteen reconstituted cities that chose not to remain incorporated in the City of Montreal, and a complex organisational structure called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal responsible for the political administration of the entire Island of Montreal.
A total of 31 elected officials.
Map of the Island of Montreal from Guide Habitation
The Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal has the power to adopt municipal by-laws, authorise expenses and impose taxes on the entire Island of Montreal.
we refer to the Montreal
Metropolitan Community (MMC)
also called Greater Montreal, we
refer to the 82 municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de
Montréal (CMM) and to its strategic functions that include planning,
coordinating and financing the strategies related to the development
of our metropolitan community.
Map from the Montreal Metropolitan Community
When we refer to the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), we refer to the City of Montreal and to the 91 adjacent municipalities of the Région Métropolitaine de Recensement de Montréal (RMR).
A census metropolitan area that, according to Statistics Canada "is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centered on a population center known as the core".
Map from the Census Metropolitan Area
Unfortunately, Montreal's website is not at all constant with its terms and definitions and it is rather difficult to clearly understand the organisational structure of the City and of the Island of Montreal. The reason is most probably because the website of the City of Montreal is online since at least 2011 and since at least five elections and nominations.
Montreal URBAN Kit
Montreal Basic Geography by Rachel Louise Barry