Montreal Basic Geography

Montreal basic geography is a portrait of the organisational structure of an Island of Montreal divided into 16 cities, that is the City of Montreal and its 19 boroughs along with 15 other reconstituted cities since 2006. 

Political Bodies or Parties

Since November 2017, the elected municipal parties in Montreal are

Montreal City Council - 2017 - 250x135Montreal City Council - 2017
  • Projet Montreal, the winning party
  • Mouvement Montréal
  • Équipe Barbe Team
  • Équipe Anjou
  • Coalition Montreal

A Montreal City Council composed of 65 seats occupied first by the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough. A City Council also composed of 18 borough mayors, 38 borough councillors and 8 city councillors. 

Every four years in November voters elect or re-elect a Mayor and a Montreal City Council as well as Mayors and City Councils for each of the other 14 other Cities of the Island of Montreal instead of 15 because, in this case, the City of Dorval and the Island of Dorval both count for one city.

Montreal Basic Geography Concepts

Boroughs of the City of Montreal

Map of the Boroughs of Montreal from Wikepedia

City of Montreal

When we refer to the City of Montreal, we refer to a City located on the Island of Montreal and divided into 19 boroughs. 

Montreal Boroughs

When we refer to the Montreal Boroughs, we refer to the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal and to each of their respective borough mayors and borough councillors

Each of the 19 boroughs has its own borough council for a total of 38 borough councillors who sit on each of their respective borough council and who offer direct public services to their respective borough population.

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Map of the City of Montreal from Google Map

Each borough is administered by a director who reports to his or her Borough Council and each borough receives an operating budget allocated by the Montreal City Council. 

The City Council is responsible for indexing taxes for residential and non-residential properties and the Borough Councils are responsible for indexing taxes for the services offered in each of their respective borough. 

Montreal Basic Geography Challenges

Island of Montreal

When we refer to the Island of Montreal, we refer to its 16 municipalities, that is the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted cities.

Boroughs of the City of Montreal

Map of Montreal from Online Map Finder

We also refer to a range of services provided by the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal, governed by the Agglomeration Council and headed by the mayor of the City of Montreal.

Cities of Montreal Island

When we refer to the Montreal Cities, we refer to 13 Cities, 1 Village and 1 small Island, for a total of 15 reconstituted Cities all located on the Island of Montreal. 

Cities of the Island of Montreal

Map of the Cities of the Island of Montreal from Wikipedia

Urban Agglomeration of Montreal

Fifteen reconstituted cities that chose not to remain incorporated in the City of Montreal, and a complex organisational structure called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal responsible for the political administration of the entire Island of Montreal.

A total of 31 elected officials. 

  • The mayor of Montreal
  • 15 members of the Montreal City Council
  • 14 mayors of the reconstituted Montreal cities, the City of Dorval and the small Island of Dorval counting for one city 
  • One additional representative selected by the mayor of the City of Dollard-Des-Ormeaux because of its large size and population. 

Island of Montreal

Map of the Island of Montreal from Guide Habitation

Agglomeration Council

The Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal has the power to adopt municipal by-laws, authorise expenses and impose taxes on the entire Island of Montreal.

Montreal Basic Geography Concepts

Montreal Metropolitan Community

When we refer to the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) also called Greater Montreal, we refer to the 82 municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal (CMM) and to its strategic functions that include planning, coordinating and financing the strategies related to the development of our metropolitan community. 

Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC)

Map from the Montreal Metropolitan Community

Census Metropolitan Area

When we refer to the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), we refer to the City of Montreal and to the 91 adjacent municipalities of the Région Métropolitaine de Recensement de Montréal (RMR).

A census metropolitan area that, according to Statistics Canada "is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centered on a population center known as the core". 

Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)

Map from the Census Metropolitan Area

Montreal Basic Geography and Facts

Unfortunately, Montreal's website is not at all constant with its terms and definitions and it is rather difficult to clearly understand the organisational structure of the City and of the Island of Montreal. The reason is most probably because the website of the City of Montreal is online since at least 2011 and since at least five elections and nominations.  

Montreal URBAN Kit

Montreal Basic Geography by Rachel Louise Barry