A few years ago, I became interested in Montreal governance trends, that is in the acts of governing a country, a province or a city such as the City of Montreal.
Governance as in “the art of steering societies and organisations”.
According to the Canadian Institute of Governance "effective governance indicators ensure objectives are realised, resources are well managed, and the interests of stakeholders are protected and reflected in key decisions".
Governance refers to the management of directors and managers who have the power and the responsibility to supervise a business enterprise and to ensure long-term success.
Governance provides guidelines to management.
It refers to the organisation and the coordination of business activities, to the achievement of pre-established objectives and to the understanding and appreciation of how corporations are controlled and directed.
According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), governance trends broadly refer to the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority and to three main issues.
Who is accountable? How are decisions made? Who has a voice in making decisions?
The UNDP uses nine characteristics to describe good and poor governance trends. Nine principles of governance that appear in much of the literature.
The Canadian Institute on Governance defines governance as a science. The IOG then adds that governance indicators have three dimensions, authority, decision-making and accountability.
For the IOG, the new modes of governance determine: Who has the power? Who makes the decisions? How accounts are rendered? How the players make their voice heard?
Deloitte Canada uses eight simple questions to summarise good business management. The eight questions are:
Good Business management requires expertise in areas such as accounting, development, finance, human resources, information systems, marketing, production and research.
According to Deloitte Canada, Montreal governance trends must always take into account legal and constitutional accountability and responsibilities while basic business management should always include strategic planning and decision making.
According to HEC Montreal, the basic business management concepts are "planification, organisation, direction, contrôle" in French, in English and in any other language.
Planning means planning in advance, organising means organising human and material resources, directing means motivating and directing civil servants and employees, and controlling means implementing a plan and supervising its development.
The general purpose of this Montreal Island Kit section is to explore and describe the Island of Montreal, learn about our municipal organisations, political bodies and elected officials and study important documents such as bylaws, budgets and auditors' reports.
The purpose of our local Montreal governance trends is to analyse the services offered within the limits of the City of Montreal, along with those offered to the entire population of the Island of Montreal.
The more we know about the services provided by our decision makers, the more we can take actions. The more we participate in a collaborative governance the more we make sure our community is healthy, safe and secure.