Montreal Professionals Kit is about the certified professionals we usually trust because we know they received an adequate training and gained a legitimate access to the profession they represent.
We regularly refer to our professionals because we need the professional services they offer and because we know and trust they can help us.
We refer to our professionals when we need an eye care professional and make an appointment with an optometrist or when we require a veterinary surgeon for our sick cat or sick dog.
Public accountancy is an activity reserved to the CPAs, the Chartered Professional Accountants, all practising engineers must be members of the Ordre des ingénieurs and the Quebec Bar offers a list of free or inexpensive resources on legal information and advice.
Our professionals are part of a professional system based on a "personal autonomy in matters professional", a professional autonomy that enables each and everyone of our Quebec professionals to exercise judgement as they see fit during the performance of their profession.
Who are these professionals?
Where can we find a professional?
When do we refer to a professional?
Why should we refer to a professional?
What is public protection?
Why make a complaint to a Syndic?
The origin of our Quebec professional system dates back to the Nouvelle-France but the law that governs our Professional Code was sanctioned in 1973.
A professional code that gave rise to the Office des professions du Québec (OPQ) composed of 38 professional orders in its early years. An OPQ now composed of 46 professional orders, 54 regulated professions and more than 390,000 members.
In 1995, the OPQ became an extra budgetary government agency. The financing of its expenditure now being guaranteed by the members of the Professional Orders through annual membership set by the Quebec Government and collected by each Professional Order.
Today, the specific role of the OPQ, the Office des professions du Québec, is to guarantee the competence and the integrity of each professional and each Professional Order and to ensure proper and adequate public protection.
The Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec (CIQ) was founded in 1965.
In 1973, upon the adoption of our Professional Code, the CIQ became the collective voice of all our Professional Orders as well as an important source of information for future professionals and for the general public. Each Professional Order must be a member of the CIQ.
The Conseil interprofessionnel du Québec does not receive any funding from the Quebec Government to which it must account every year though. The CIQ is however self-financed by a compulsory overall amount set every year by its members and by self-financing activities such as training sessions and seminars.
Professions with "reserved titles" means that 26 professions belonging to 21 Professional Orders do not have the exclusive right to practise their professional activities.
In other words, 26 types of qualified specialists can provide professional services without being a member of a Professional Order as long as they do not pretend to be a member of any Professional Order.
Professions with "reserved titles and exclusive right to practise" means that 28 professions have the exclusive right to use the title, to provide professional services offered by 25 of all the Professional Orders and to lawfully practice the activities reserved to their profession.
For Montreal Professionals Kit and for all those concerned, it is important to understand the difference between a Professional Order and a Professional Association.
The main difference between the two organisations is that they have different missions and different objectives. In short, Professional Orders protect the public and Professional Associations protect their members.
Professional Orders aim at protecting the public. Their role is to represent and guarantee the competence and the integrity of each of their professional members. Professional Associations aim at protecting their members. Their role is to represent and guarantee the social and economic interests of each of their professional members.
Montreal PROFESSIONALS KIT
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by Rachel Louise Barry