Montreal Professionals Kit

Montreal Professionals Kit is about the certified professionals we usually trust because we know they received an adequate training and gained a legitimate access to the profession they represent. 

We regularly refer to our professionals because we need the professional services they offer and because we need the professional services they offer.  


We refer to our professionals when we need an eye care professional and make an appointment with an optometrist or when we require a veterinary surgeon for our sick cat or sick dog. 

Public accountancy is an activity reserved to the CPAs, the Chartered Professional Accountants, all practising engineers must be members of the Ordre des ingénieurs and the Quebec Bar offers a list of free or inexpensive resources on legal information and advice.


Our professionals are part of a professional system based on a "personal autonomy in matters professional". A professional autonomy that enables our Quebec professionals to exercise judgement as they see fit during the performance of their profession.

  • Who are these professionals?
  • Where can we find a professional?
  • When do we refer to a professional?
  • Why refer to a professional?
  • What is public protection?
  • Why complaint to a Syndic?

This is exactly what Montreal Professionals Kit is all about.


Office des professions du Québec

The origin of our Quebec professional system dates back to the Nouvelle-France but the law that governs our Professional Code was sanctioned in 1973.

A professional code that gave rise to the Office des professions du Québec (OPQ) composed of 38 professional orders in its early years. An OPQ now composed of 46 professional orders, 54 regulated professions and more than 390,000 members. 


In 1995, the OPQ became an extra budgetary government agency. The financing of its expenditure is now being guaranteed by the members of the Professional Orders through annual membership set by the Quebec Government and collected by each Professional Order.

Today, the specific role of the OPQ is to guarantee the competence and the integrity of each professional and each Professional Order and to ensure proper and adequate public protection.


Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec

The Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec (CIQ) was founded in 1965.

In 1973, upon the adoption of our Professional Code, the CIQ became the collective voice of all our Professional Orders and an important source of information for future professionals as well as for the general public. 

Each Professional Order must be a member of the CIQ.


The CIQ does not receive any funding from the Quebec Government to which it must account every year though. The CIQ is self-financed by a compulsory overall amount set every year by its members and by self-financing activities such as training sessions and seminars.

Reserved Titles & Exclusive Right to Practise

Professions with "reserved titles" means that 26 professions belonging to 21 Professional Orders do not have the exclusive right to practise their professional activities.


In other words, 26 types of qualified specialists can provide professional services without being a member of a Professional Order as long as they do not pretend to be a member of a Professional Order.

And, professions with "reserved titles and exclusive right to practise" means that 28 professions have the exclusive right to use the title, to provide the professional services offered by 25 of all the Professional Orders and to lawfully practice the activities reserved to their profession. 


Professionals Orders and Professional Associations

For Montreal Professionals Kit and for all those concerned, it is important to understand the difference between a Professional Order and a Professional Association as they have different missions and objectives.

Professional Orders aim at protecting the public. Their role is to represent and guarantee the competence and the integrity of each of their professional members. 

Professional Associations aim at protecting their members. Their role is to represent and guarantee the social and economic interests of each of their professional members.


Montreal Professionals Kit  by Rachel Louise Barry