Corporations and Establishments

In Quebec, business corporations and establishments are separate legal entities that have specific rights and obligations.  

According to our Human Resources obligations and requirements, employees have precise rights and responsibilities towards their employers and, of course, employers have precise rights and responsibilities towards their employees.


What's more, all workers in Quebec have the right to work in French.

Boroughs employment information and cities employment information along with interesting career jobs and job offers that are available in small establishments as well as in average and large establishments.

Establishments that  are primarily engaged in commercial activities and that have their own hiring procedures and management styles. 


Small Establishments

The leader of small establishment businesses of 2 to 50 employees is usually the manager or the owner.

This president person is often responsible for all the administrative services and typically interviews and hires new employees. 

In this type of establishment businesses, job descriptions are not always written or specific and workers are expected to be versatile in their functions.


Average Establishments

In average establishment businesses of 50 to 300 employees, management is done by several managers responsible for administration, accounting, marketing, production and sales, but not necessarily for human resources.

In many situations, job seekers must contact the manager of the department of their choice, the one that may require their services.

In this type of establishment businesses, job descriptions are organized according to the tasks and the functions of the workers.


Large Establishments

In large establishment businesses of 300 employees and more, an organisation chart that indicates the range of the administrative functions of all the departments and services is usually available.

In this type of establishment businesses, there is always a human resources department but its role may vary for from one establishment to another.

Human resources are usually responsible for recruiting, interviewing and selecting, while department managers are often responsible for interviewing and hiring new employees but only for their own department.


Business Organisation Structures

According to Canada Business Network, there are four basic structures or forms of business organisations:

  • The sole proprietorship owned by only one person fully responsible for all debts and obligations.
  • The partnership owned by two or more partners.
  • The corporation, a legal entity separated from its shareholders.
  • The co-operative owned and controlled by an association of members. 

Corporations and Establishments Definitions

Each of these four business organisation types have, of course, their own advantages and disadvantages and each pros and cons must be carefully considered.

For example, a sole proprietorship is easy and inexpensive to register but liability is unlimited.


A partnership, on the other hand, offers equal share in management, profits and assets but there is no legal difference between any of the partners and the business.

Corporations and establishments offer limited liability but this business organisation type is closely regulated and extensive corporate records are required. 

Finally, a co-operative is owned and controlled by its members but the participation of all members is required and conflict between members is possible.

Montreal BUSINESS Kit
Thank you for promoting Corporations and Establishments

by Rachel Louise Barry